Thursday, June 21, 2012

Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priest

Again delving into the honorary and invitational bodies of the American York Rite, I will address the order known as the Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priests (HRAKTP) and its history.  Try saying that ten times.

It is important to note that one should not confuse this body with that of the Templar Cleric orders established by Von Starck that existed in the late 18th century.

Introduction

The Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priests is an invitational body with membership limitations. This order exists to recognize Past Commanders of Commanderies of Knights Templar who made great contributions to Masonic Templary, to their country, and to their community or society in general. Although many groups make this claim, it is one of the highest honors one can receive in York Rite Masonry.

Tabernacles are composed of no more than 33 members plus up to 16 Emeritus members.  These Tabernacles are led by the following officers: Preceptor, Deputy Preceptor, Seven Pillars, Chaplain, Registrar/ Treasurer, Inner Guard, and Outer Guard. The Grand College of America exercises authority over the constituent Tabernacles and their officers follow the same pattern. The number of Tabernacles permitted in each state is dependent upon the number of chartered Knight Templar Commanderies. Originally, this body conferred 33 degrees, but now only one is conferred in a Tabernacle. The degrees are:

1. Knight of the Christian Mark
2. Knight of St. Paul
3. Knight of Patmos
4. Knight of Death
5. Knight of the Black Cross
6. Knight of Bethany
7. Knight of the White Cross
8. Knight of St. John
9. Knight Priest of the Holy Sepulcher
10. Holy Order of Wisdom
11. Holy and Illustrious Order of the Cross
12. Priest of Eleusis
13. Knight of Harodim
14. Knight of the North
15. Knight of the South
16. Knight of the Sanctuary
17. Grand Cross of St. Paul
18. Knight of St. John the Baptist
19. Knight of Rosae Cross
20. Knight of the Triple Cross
21. Knight of the Holy Grave
22. Knight of the Holy Virgin Mary
23. Knight of the White Cross of Torphichen
24. Grand Trinitarian Knight of St. John
25. Grand Cross of St. John
26. Knight Priest of Jerusalem
27. Knight of Palestine
28. Knight of the Holy Cross
29. Knight Priest of the Tabernacle
30. Knight of Redemption
31. Knight of Truth
32. Knight of Rome
33. Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priest
From the August 2011 edition of the Knights Templar magazine:
Our title of Knight Priest is significant and descriptive and is borne with great pride by our members. We feel it recognizes that first, we are Knights, and our origin and allegiance are clearly with the Grand Encampment. In addition, as was true with the Templars of old, we are Priests committed to the priestly role of preserving and promoting the Christian religion. Dedication to Jesus Christ our Savior and Lord must always be the guiding principles of our lives. Although not ordained as professional ministers, our challenge is to minister within Freemasonry, especially in Templary.
Origin and History

The exact date of appearance for this Order is not known, but probably started between 1770 and 1780.  What we know is that it first appeared in Ireland and then in Bristol. It existed along the East Coast of England and Scotland, but it wasn't until landing in Newcastle did it survive under the formation of the Illustrious Order of Knights Grand Cross of the Holy Temple of Jerusalem.  In the 1820s and 1830s this system was virtually unknown outside of Newcastle

In the following decades attempts were made to revive this in certain regions of England, but they died out very quickly.  By the end of the 19th century, this system controlled a number of degrees, believed to be around forty degrees, probably picked up after the union of the Grand Lodges in England. Some are recorded to have been the Order of the Red Cross of Babylon, Royal Arch, Royal Master, Select Master, and Super Excellent Masters. Later many of these degrees would fall from this system and be founded under different banners or today can only be found in the US. As this system was fledgling it seemed to confer these degrees without any central authority.  Also among these numerous degrees was the Order of the Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priests or also known as Order of Holy Wisdom.

On January 1st, 1897, an agreement was made which placed the Order of Knight Templar Priests (and surviving degrees attached to this system) under the authority of the Grand Council of the Allied Masonic Degrees, but allowed the Tabernacle in Newcastle to confer the rank of Knight Grand Cross of the Holy Temple of Jerusalem, a privilege that it still has today.

By 1920, Colonel Napier-Clavering became Grand Master of the Grand Council of the Allied Masonic Degrees and, through his recommendations, a Grand College for England, Wales, and the Colonies and Dependencies of the British Grown of the Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priests was established in the May of either 1923 or 1924 (the exact date is uncertain).

The first appearance of this order in the United States goes back to 1829 in Rhode Island. Between 1840 and 1931 there were five Tabernacles established, but none of them remained active very long.  This history begins with two meetings of the Order of the High Preisthood which took place on February 21st and February 25th, 1829. There are other references to this order with connection to the Scottish Rite, but by 1887 there appeared to be very little activity recorded. In October 1931, three North Carolinians were admitted into the Order by Sidney Clifton Bingham of Christchurch, NZ, who not having any news from the British Grand College cited from the Constitution that in the case of emergencies his actions were permitted, to include issuing warrants constituting three Tabernacles in North Carolina.

On May 14th, 1933, the Preceptors of these three Tabernacles met at a convention in Raleigh and agreed to form a sovereign body which they did on the 27th of the same month.  The name of this original order was the Great Priory of America, Priestly Order of the Temple. In 1934, these Knight Priests discovered that the Order was not extinct in England and to ensure the recognition of their Order a delegation was sent to England in 1935. John Edward Allen, the Grand Preceptor of the American order, was received on August 16th, 1935 by the Royal Kent Tabernacle. On his return to the United States he re-consecrated the existing Tabernacles using the English ritual and on the 27th of October he qualified all members of the previously organized Tabernacles.

In 1936, at an Annual meeting the English Patent could be viewed and explained.  The Great Priory adopted the similar title of Grand College of the Order of Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priests, or Order of Holy Wisdom.

Today the Order is composed of over 2,600 Knight Priests and 75 Tabernacles in the US, the Ontario Province of Canada, the Phillipines, Portugal, and Italy. 

References

1. Historical Sketch. (n.d.). Retrieved from Grand Lodge of Mark Master Masons of France: http://www.glmmmf.org/uk/ctpsar/Historique.htm

2. Historical Sketch of the Order. (n.d.). Retrieved from Lehigh Lodge #326: http://www.lehighlodge.com/resources/HRAKTP.pdf

3. History. (n.d.). Retrieved from The Grand College of America Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priests: http://www.hraktp.org/history.html

4. Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priests. (n.d.). Retrieved from MasonicDictionary.com: http://www.masonicdictionary.com/hraktp.html

5. Pruitt, W. B. (2011, August). Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priests. Knight Templar magazine, pp. 4-5.

6. Invitational Bodies. (n.d.). Retrieved from York Rite Freemasonry: http://yorkrite.com/degrees/#8

7. Holy Royal Arch Knight Templar Priest. (2009, July 1). Retrieved from French Freemasonry: http://www.frenchfreemasonry.org/english/the-rites/the-side-degrees/holy-royal-arch-knight-templar-pries

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