Friday, May 1, 2015

May Day!

By Ralph Waldo Emerson

Daughter of Heaven and Earth, coy Spring, 
With sudden passion languishing, 
Maketh all things softly smile, 
Painteth pictures mile on mile, 
Holds a cup with cowslip-wreaths, 
Whence a smokeless incense breathes. 
Girls are peeling the sweet willow, 
Poplar white, and Gilead-tree, 
And troops of boys 
Shouting with whoop and hilloa, 
And hip, hip three times three. 
The air is full of whistlings bland; 
What was that I heard 
Out of the hazy land? 
Harp of the wind, or song of bird, 
Or clapping of shepherd's hands, 
Or vagrant booming of the air, 
Voice of a meteor lost in day? 
Such tidings of the starry sphere 
Can this elastic air convey. 
Or haply 't was the cannonade 
Of the pent and darkened lake, 
Cooled by the pendent mountain's shade, 
Whose deeps, till beams of noonday break, 
Afflicted moan, and latest hold 
Even unto May the iceberg cold. 
Was it a squirrel's pettish bark, 
Or clarionet of jay? or hark, 
Where yon wedged line the Nestor leads, 
Steering north with raucous cry 
Through tracts and provinces of sky, 
Every night alighting down 
In new landscapes of romance, 
Where darkling feed the clamorous clans 
By lonely lakes to men unknown. 
Come the tumult whence it will, 
Voice of sport, or rush of wings, 
It is a sound, it is a token 
That the marble sleep is broken, 
And a change has passed on things. 

Beneath the calm, within the light, 
A hid unruly appetite 
Of swifter life, a surer hope, 
Strains every sense to larger scope, 
Impatient to anticipate 
The halting steps of aged Fate. 
Slow grows the palm, too slow the pearl: 
When Nature falters, fain would zeal 
Grasp the felloes of her wheel, 
And grasping give the orbs another whirl. 
Turn swiftlier round, O tardy ball! 
And sun this frozen side, 
Bring hither back the robin's call, 
Bring back the tulip's pride. 

Why chidest thou the tardy Spring? 
The hardy bunting does not chide; 
The blackbirds make the maples ring 
With social cheer and jubilee; 
The redwing flutes his o-ka-lee, 
The robins know the melting snow; 
The sparrow meek, prophetic-eyed, 
Her nest beside the snow-drift weaves, 
Secure the osier yet will hide 
Her callow brood in mantling leaves; 
And thou, by science all undone, 
Why only must thy reason fail 
To see the southing of the sun? 

As we thaw frozen flesh with snow, 
So Spring will not, foolish fond, 
Mix polar night with tropic glow, 
Nor cloy us with unshaded sun, 
Nor wanton skip with bacchic dance,
But she has the temperance 
Of the gods, whereof she is one,-- 
Masks her treasury of heat 
Under east-winds crossed with sleet. 
Plants and birds and humble creatures 
Well accept her rule austere; 
Titan-born, to hardy natures 
Cold is genial and dear. 
As Southern wrath to Northern right 
Is but straw to anthracite; 
As in the day of sacrifice, 
When heroes piled the pyre, 
The dismal Massachusetts ice 
Burned more than others' fire, 
So Spring guards with surface cold 
The garnered heat of ages old: 
Hers to sow the seed of bread, 
That man and all the kinds be fed; 
And, when the sunlight fills the hours, 
Dissolves the crust, displays the flowers. 

The world rolls round,--mistrust it not,-- 
Befalls again what once befell; 
All things return, both sphere and mote, 
And I shall hear my bluebird's note, 
And dream the dream of Auburn dell. 

When late I walked, in earlier days, 
All was stiff and stark; 
Knee-deep snows choked all the ways, 
In the sky no spark; 
Firm-braced I sought my ancient woods, 
Struggling through the drifted roads; 
The whited desert knew me not, 
Snow-ridges masked each darling spot; 
The summer dells, by genius haunted, 
One arctic moon had disenchanted. 
All the sweet secrets therein hid 
By Fancy, ghastly spells undid. 
Eldest mason, Frost, had piled, 
With wicked ingenuity, 
Swift cathedrals in the wild; 
The piny hosts were sheeted ghosts 
In the star-lit minster aisled. 
I found no joy: the icy wind 
Might rule the forest to his mind. 
Who would freeze in frozen brakes? 
Back to books and sheltered home, 
And wood-fire flickering on the walls, 
To hear, when, 'mid our talk and games, 
Without the baffled north-wind calls. 
But soft! a sultry morning breaks; 
The cowslips make the brown brook gay; 
A happier hour, a longer day. 
Now the sun leads in the May, 
Now desire of action wakes, 
And the wish to roam. 

The caged linnet in the Spring 
Hearkens for the choral glee, 
When his fellows on the wing 
Migrate from the Southern Sea; 
When trellised grapes their flowers unmask, 
And the new-born tendrils twine, 
The old wine darkling in the cask 
Feels the bloom on the living vine, 
And bursts the hoops at hint of Spring: 
And so, perchance, in Adam's race, 
Of Eden's bower some dream-like trace 
Survived the Flight, and swam the Flood, 
And wakes the wish in youngest blood 
To tread the forfeit Paradise, 
And feed once more the exile's eyes; 
And ever when the happy child 
In May beholds the blooming wild, 
And hears in heaven the bluebird sing, 
'Onward,' he cries, 'your baskets bring,-- 
In the next field is air more mild, 
And o'er yon hazy crest is Eden's balmier Spring.' 

Not for a regiment's parade, 
Nor evil laws or rulers made, 
Blue Walden rolls its cannonade,
But for a lofty sign 
Which the Zodiac threw, 
That the bondage-days are told, 
And waters free as winds shall flow. 
Lo! how all the tribes combine 
To rout the flying foe. 
See, every patriot oak-leaf throws 
His elfin length upon the snows, 
Not idle, since the leaf all day 
Draws to the spot the solar ray, 
Ere sunset quarrying inches down, 
And half-way to the mosses brown;
While the grass beneath the rime 
Has hints of the propitious time, 
And upward pries and perforates 
Through the cold slab a thousand gates, 
Till green lances peering through 
Bend happy in the welkin blue. 

April cold with dropping rain 
Willows and lilacs brings again, 
The whistle of returning birds, 
And trumpet-lowing of the herds. 
The scarlet maple-keys betray 
What potent blood hath modest May; 
What fiery force the earth renews, 
The wealth of forms, the flush of hues; 
Joy shed in rosy waves abroad 
Flows from the heart of Love, the Lord. 

Hither rolls the storm of heat; 
I feel its finer billows beat 
Like a sea which me infolds; 
Heat with viewless fingers moulds, 
Swells, and mellows, and matures, 
Paints, and flavours, and allures, 
Bird and brier inly warms, 
Still enriches and transforms, 
Gives the reed and lily length, 
Adds to oak and oxen strength, 
Boils the world in tepid lakes, 
Burns the world, yet burnt remakes; 
Enveloping heat, enchanted robe, 
Wraps the daisy and the globe, 
Transforming what it doth infold, 
Life out of death, new out of old, 
Painting fawns' and leopards' fells, 
Seethes the gulf-encrimsoning shells, 
Fires garden with a joyful blaze 
Of tulips in the morning's rays. 
The dead log touched bursts into leaf, 
The wheat-blade whispers of the sheaf. 
What god is this imperial Heat, 
Earth's prime secret, sculpture's seat? 
Doth it bear hidden in its heart 
Water-line patterns of all art, 
All figures, organs, hues, and graces? 
Is it Daedalus? is it Love? 
Or walks in mask almighty Jove, 
And drops from Power's redundant horn 
All seeds of beauty to be born? 

Where shall we keep the holiday, 
And duly greet the entering May?
Too strait and low our cottage doors, 
And all unmeet our carpet floors; 
Nor spacious court, nor monarch's hall,
Suffice to hold the festival. 
Up and away! where haughty woods 
Front the liberated floods: 
We will climb the broad-backed hills, 
Hear the uproar of their joy; 
We will mark the leaps and gleams 
Of the new-delivered streams, 
And the murmuring rivers of sap 
Mount in the pipes of the trees, 
Giddy with day, to the topmost spire, 
Which for a spike of tender green 
Bartered its powdery cap; 
And the colours of joy in the bird, 
And the love in its carol heard, 
Frog and lizard in holiday coats, 
And turtle brave in his golden spots; 
We will hear the tiny roar 
Of the insects evermore, 
While cheerful cries of crag and plain 
Reply to the thunder of river and main. 

As poured the flood of the ancient sea 
Spilling over mountain chains, 
Bending forests as bends the sedge, 
Faster flowing o'er the plains,-- 
A world-wide wave with a foaming edge 
That rims the running silver sheet,-- 
So pours the deluge of the heat 
Broad northward o'er the land, 
Painting artless paradises, 
Drugging herbs with Syrian spices, 
Fanning secret fires which glow 
In columbine and clover-blow, 
Climbing the northern zones, 
Where a thousand pallid towns 
Lie like cockles by the main, 
Or tented armies on a plain. 
The million-handed sculptor moulds 
Quaintest bud and blossom folds, 
The million-handed painter pours 
Opal hues and purple dye; 
Azaleas flush the island floors, 
And the tints of heaven reply. 

Wreaths for the May! for happy Spring 
To-day shall all her dowry bring, 
The love of kind, the joy, the grace, 
Hymen of element and race, 
Knowing well to celebrate 
With song and hue and star and state, 
With tender light and youthful cheer, 
The spousals of the new-born year. 
Lo Love's inundation poured 
Over space and race abroad! 

Spring is strong and virtuous, 
Broad-sowing, cheerful, plenteous, 
Quickening underneath the mould 
Grains beyond the price of gold. 
So deep and large her bounties are, 
That one broad, long midsummer day 
Shall to the planet overpay 
The ravage of a year of war. 

Drug the cup, thou butler sweet, 
And send the nectar round; 
The feet that slid so long on sleet 
Are glad to feel the ground. 
Fill and saturate each kind 
With good according to its mind, 
Fill each kind and saturate 
With good agreeing with its fate, 
Willow and violet, maiden and man. 

The bitter-sweet, the haunting air,
Creepeth, bloweth everywhere; 
It preys on all, all prey on it, 
Blooms in beauty, thinks in wit,
Stings the strong with enterprise, 
Makes travellers long for Indian skies, 
And where it comes this courier fleet
Fans in all hearts expectance sweet, 
As if to-morrow should redeem 
The vanished rose of evening's dream. 
By houses lies a fresher green, 
On men and maids a ruddier mien, 
As if time brought a new relay 
Of shining virgins every May, 
And Summer came to ripen maids 
To a beauty that not fades. 

The ground-pines wash their rusty green, 
The maple-tops their crimson tint, 
On the soft path each track is seen, 
The girl's foot leaves its neater print. 
The pebble loosened from the frost 
Asks of the urchin to be tost. 
In flint and marble beats a heart, 
The kind Earth takes her children's part, 
The green lane is the school-boy's friend, 
Low leaves his quarrel apprehend, 
The fresh ground loves his top and ball, 
The air rings jocund to his call, 
The brimming brook invites a leap, 
He dives the hollow, climbs the steep. 
The youth reads omens where he goes, 
And speaks all languages the rose. 
The wood-fly mocks with tiny noise 
The far halloo of human voice; 
The perfumed berry on the spray 
Smacks of faint memories far away. 
A subtle chain of countless rings 
The next unto the farthest brings, 
And, striving to be man, the worm 
Mounts through all the spires of form. 

I saw the bud-crowned Spring go forth, 
Stepping daily onward north 
To greet staid ancient cavaliers 
Filing single in stately train. 
And who, and who are the travellers? 
They were Night and Day, and Day and Night, 
Pilgrims wight with step forthright. 
I saw the Days deformed and low, 
Short and bent by cold and snow; 
The merry Spring threw wreaths on them, 
Flower-wreaths gay with bud and bell; 
Many a flower and many a gem, 
They were refreshed by the smell, 
They shook the snow from hats and shoon, 
They put their April raiment on; 
And those eternal forms, 
Unhurt by a thousand storms, 
Shot up to the height of the sky again, 
And danced as merrily as young men. 
I saw them mask their awful glance 
Sidewise meek in gossamer lids; 
And to speak my thought if none forbids. 
It was as if the eternal gods, 
Tired of their starry periods, 
Hid their majesty in cloth 
Woven of tulips and painted moth.
On carpets green the maskers march 
Below May's well-appointed arch, 
Each star, each god, each grace amain, 
Every joy and virtue speed, 
Marching duly in her train, 
And fainting Nature at her need 
Is made whole again. 

'T was the vintage-day of field and wood, 
When magic wine for bards is brewed; 
Every tree and stem and chink 
Gushed with syrup to the brink. 
The air stole into the streets of towns, 
And betrayed the fund of joy 
To the high-school and medalled boy: 
On from hall to chamber ran, 
From youth to maid, from boy to man, 
To babes, and to old eyes as well.
'Once more,' the old man cried, 'ye clouds, 
Airy turrets purple-piled, 
Which once my infancy beguiled, 
Beguile me with the wonted spell. 
I know ye skilful to convoy 
The total freight of hope and joy 
Into rude and homely nooks, 
Shed mocking lustres on shelf of books, 
On farmer's byre, on meadow-pipes, 
Or on a pool of dancing chips. 
I care not if the pomps you show 
Be what they soothfast appear, 
Or if yon realms in sunset glow 
Be bubbles of the atmosphere. 
And if it be to you allowed 
To fool me with a shining cloud, 
So only new griefs are consoled 
By new delights, as old by old, 
Frankly I will be your guest, 
Count your change and cheer the best. 
The world hath overmuch of pain,-- 
If Nature give me joy again, 
Of such deceit I'll not complain.' 

Ah! well I mind the calendar, 
Faithful through a thousand years, 
Of the painted race of flowers, 
Exact to days, exact to hours, 
Counted on the spacious dial 
Yon broidered zodiac girds. 
I know the pretty almanac 
Of the punctual coming-back, 
On their due days, of the birds. 
I marked them yestermorn, 
A flock of finches darting 
Beneath the crystal arch, 
Piping, as they flew, a march,-- 
Belike the one they used in parting 
Last year from yon oak or larch; 
Dusky sparrows in a crowd, 
Diving, darting northward free, 
Suddenly betook them all, 
Every one to his hole in the wall, 
Or to his niche in the apple-tree. 
I greet with joy the choral trains 
Fresh from palms and Cuba's canes. 
Best gems of Nature's cabinet, 
With dews of tropic morning wet, 
Beloved of children, bards, and Spring, 
O birds, your perfect virtues bring, 
Your song, your forms, your rhythmic flight, 
Your manners for the heart's delight, 
Nestle in hedge, or barn, or roof, 
Here weave your chamber weather-proof, 
Forgive our harms, and condescend 
To man, as to a lubber friend, 
And, generous, teach his awkward race 
Courage, and probity, and grace! 

Poets praise that hidden wine 
Hid in milk we drew 
At the barrier of Time, 
When our life was new. 
We had eaten fairy fruit, 
We were quick from head to foot, 
All the forms we look on shone 
As with diamond dews thereon. 
What cared we for costly joys, 
The Museum's far-fetched toys? 
Gleam of sunshine on the wall 
Poured a deeper cheer than all 
The revels of the Carnival. 
We a pine-grove did prefer 
To a marble theatre, 
Could with gods on mallows dine, 
Nor cared for spices or for wine. 
Wreaths of mist and rainbow spanned, 
Arch on arch, the grimmest land; 
Whistle of a woodland bird 
Made the pulses dance, 
Note of horn in valleys heard 
Filled the region with romance. 

None can tell how sweet, 
How virtuous, the morning air; 
Every accent vibrates well; 
Not alone the wood-bird's call, 
Or shouting boys that chase their ball, 
Pass the height of minstrel skill, 
But the ploughman's thoughtless cry, 
Lowing oxen, sheep that bleat, 
And the joiner's hammer-beat, 
Softened are above their will. 
All grating discords melt, 
No dissonant note is dealt, 
And though thy voice be shrill 
Like rasping file on steel, 
Such is the temper of the air, 
Echo waits with art and care,
And will the faults of song repair. 

So by remote Superior Lake, 
And by resounding Mackinac, 
When northern storms and forests shake, 
And billows on the long beach break, 
The artful Air doth separate 
Note by note all sounds that grate, 
Smothering in her ample breast 
All but godlike words, 
Reporting to the happy ear 
Only purified accords. 
Strangely wrought from barking waves, 
Soft music daunts the Indian braves,-- 
Convent-chanting which the child 
Hears pealing from the panther's cave 
And the impenetrable wild. 

One musician is sure, 
His wisdom will not fail, 
He has not tasted wine impure, 
Nor bent to passion frail. 
Age cannot cloud his memory, 
Nor grief untune his voice, 
Ranging down the ruled scale 
From tone of joy to inward wail, 
Tempering the pitch of all 
In his windy cave. 
He all the fables knows, 
And in their causes tells,-- 
Knows Nature's rarest moods, 
Ever on her secret broods. 
The Muse of men is coy, 
Oft courted will not come; 
In palaces and market squares 
Entreated, she is dumb; 
But my minstrel knows and tells 
The counsel of the gods, 
Knows of Holy Book the spells, 
Knows the law of Night and Day, 
And the heart of girl and boy, 
The tragic and the gay, 
And what is writ on Table Round 
Of Arthur and his peers, 
What sea and land discoursing say 
In sidereal years. 
He renders all his lore 
In numbers wild as dreams, 
Modulating all extremes,-- 
What the spangled meadow saith 
To the children who have faith; 
Only to children children sing, 
Only to youth will spring be spring. 

Who is the Bard thus magnified? 
When did he sing, and where abide? 

Chief of song where poets feast 
Is the wind-harp which thou seest 
In the casement at my side. 

AEolian harp, 
How strangely wise thy strain! 
Gay for youth, gay for youth, 
(Sweet is art, but sweeter truth,) 
In the hall at summer eve 
Fate and Beauty skilled to weave. 
From the eager opening strings 
Rung loud and bold the song. 
Who but loved the wind-harp's note? 
How should not the poet doat 
On its mystic tongue, 
With its primeval memory, 
Reporting what old minstrels said 
Of Merlin locked the harp within,-- 
Merlin paying the pain of sin, 
Pent in a dungeon made of air,-- 
And some attain his voice to hear, 
Words of pain and cries of fear, 
But pillowed all on melody, 
As fits the griefs of bards to be. 
And what if that all-echoing shell, 
Which thus the buried Past can tell, 
Should rive the Future, and reveal 
What his dread folds would fain conceal?
 It shares the secret of the earth, 
And of the kinds that owe her birth. 
Speaks not of self that mystic tone, 
But of the Overgods alone: 
It trembles to the cosmic breath,-- 
As it heareth, so it saith; 
Obeying meek the primal Cause,
 It is the tongue of mundane laws: 
And this, at least, I dare affirm, 
Since genius too has bound and term, 
There is no bard in all the choir, 
Not Homer's self, the poet sire, 
Wise Milton's odes of pensive pleasure, 
Or Shakspeare, whom no mind can measure, 
Nor Collins' verse of tender pain, 
Nor Byron's clarion of disdain, 
Scott, the delight of generous boys, 
Or Wordsworth, Pan's recording voice,-- 
Not one of all can put in verse, 
Or to this presence could rehearse, 
The sights and voices ravishing 
The boy knew on the hills in Spring, 
When pacing through the oaks he heard 
Sharp queries of the sentry-bird, 
The heavy grouse's sudden whirr, 
The rattle of the kingfisher; 
Saw bonfires of the harlot flies 
In the lowland, when day dies; 
Or marked, benighted and forlorn, 
The first far signal-fire of morn. 
These syllables that Nature spoke, 
And the thoughts that in him woke, 
Can adequately utter none 
Save to his ear the wind-harp lone. 
And best can teach its Delphian chord 
How Nature to the soul is moored, 
If once again that silent string, 
As erst it wont, would thrill and ring. 

Not long ago, at eventide, 
It seemed, so listening, at my side 
A window rose, and, to say sooth, 
I looked forth on the fields of youth:
I saw fair boys bestriding steeds, 
I knew their forms in fancy weeds, 
Long, long concealed by sundering fates, 
Mates of my youth,--yet not my mates, 
Stronger and bolder far than I, 
With grace, with genius, well attired, 
And then as now from far admired, 
Followed with love 
They knew not of, 
With passion cold and shy. 
O joy, for what recoveries rare! 
Renewed, I breathe Elysian air, 
See youth's glad mates in earliest bloom,-- 
Break not my dream, obtrusive tomb! 
Or teach thou, Spring! the grand recoil 
Of life resurgent from the soil 
Wherein was dropped the mortal spoil. 

Soft on the south-wind sleeps the haze! 
So on thy broad mystic van 
Lie the opal-coloured days, 
And waft the miracle to man. 
Soothsayer of the eldest gods, 
Repairer of what harms betide, 
Revealer of the inmost powers 
Prometheus proffered, Jove denied; 
Disclosing treasures more than true, 
Or in what far to-morrow due; 
Speaking by the tongues of flowers, 
By the ten-tongued laurel speaking, 
Singing by the oriole songs, 
Heart of bird the man's heart seeking; 
Whispering hints of treasure hid 
Under Morn's unlifted lid, 
Islands looming just beyond 
The dim horizon's utmost bound;-- 
Who can, like thee, our rags upbraid, 
Or taunt us with our hope decayed? 
Or who like thee persuade, 
Making the splendour of the air, 
The morn and sparkling dew, a snare? 
Or who resent 
Thy genius, wiles, and blandishment? 

There is no orator prevails 
To beckon or persuade 
Like thee the youth or maid: 
Thy birds, thy songs, thy brooks, thy gales, 
Thy blooms, thy kinds, 
Thy echoes in the wilderness, 
Soothe pain, and age, and love's distress, 
Fire fainting will, and build heroic minds. 

For thou, O Spring! canst renovate 
All that high God did first create. 
Be still his arm and architect, 
Rebuild the ruin, mend defect; 
Chemist to vamp old worlds with new, 
Coat sea and sky with heavenlier blue, 
New-tint the plumage of the birds, 
And slough decay from grazing herds, 
Sweep ruins from the scarped mountain, 
Cleanse the torrent at the fountain, 
Purge alpine air by towns defiled, 
Bring to fair mother fairer child, 
Not less renew the heart and brain, 
Scatter the sloth, wash out the stain, 
Make the aged eye sun-clear, 
To parting soul bring grandeur near. 
Under gentle types, my Spring 
Masks the might of Nature's king, 
An energy that searches thorough 
From Chaos to the dawning morrow; 
Into all our human plight, 
The soul's pilgrimage and flight; 
In city or in solitude, 
Step by step, lifts bad to good, 
Without halting, without rest, 
Lifting Better up to Best; 
Planting seeds of knowledge pure, 
Through earth to ripen, through heaven endure.

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